Emerging professions in the field of science
When we first think about careers in the field of science, the professions that come to our minds are primarily genetics, architecture, engineering or medicine. However, technological advancements in the world of science and technology have made it possible for the careers in this field to evolve.
The following paragraphs include some of the emerging professions in the field of science which are very promising now:
- Artificial intelligence and machine learning
Probably, you’ve come across the terms “machine learning” and “artificial intelligence” in some part of your life. But what do these terms mean? Artificial intelligence, also known as AI, is defined as the field of computer science that primarily deals with the creation of machines with the ability to think and process data as humans.
An example of these machines is the voice recognition system e.g. Alexa of Siri which use machine learning to understand human language and then respond. Moreover, Facebook uses machine learning to recognize faces from your contacts list and while using its own algorithms, it automatically makes accurate suggestions and labels your friends.
For those interested in pursuing a career in AI and machine learning, undergraduate and graduate studies are required. Therefore, you should pursue a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and then a master’s degree in machine learning or generalized computer science studies. Lastly, one of the most important subjects in this field is Mathematics.
In Busulla.COM you can find data on universities and colleges where you can study Computer Science:
- Big Data, Data Analytics, and Data Science
“Data is growing faster than ever before and by the year 2020, about 1.7 megabytes of new information will be created every second for every human being on the planet.” (Source: Forbes).
Data exists in every form, from what type of accounts you follow or like on Facebook and Instagram, to the topics you search on Google and the purchases you make online. All the above are data.
These data are valued by different organizations since they help them understand the patterns and trends, which allow them to make business decisions based on the interpretations drawn from the data. For instance, online shopping stores process data from costumers to make better product recommendations.
If you want to follow a career in this field, you have to pursue an undergraduate diploma in Computer Science, which will advance your skills in programming languages like Python, Perl, Java and so forth. Moreover, you can become certified for business analysis and intelligence, data analysis, and data science.
- Ethical Hacking and Cyber Security
In 2017, the food and restaurant app Zomato had a hacking attack where data of 17 million users was stolen. Moreover, in 2016, passwords and personal data of 68 million users of Dropbox were available online. Businesses that pursue digitalization face challenges with cybersecurity. Therefore, one of the most demanded professions in today’s world is ethical hacking.
An ethical hacker is a computer and network expert who tries to penetrate in the security system of a company to identify the weaknesses of the system. These identifications are important because they can help with improving the companies’ security online. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the US, the cybersecurity sector has the potential to increase with 28% until 2026.
For those interested in pursuing a career in this field, you need to have significant knowledge in computer science. You can get certified in courses e.g. CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker), Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator and Certified Security Analyst.
When we think about the future, meaning 10, 20 or 50 years later, we always think of the possibility of talking to robots. However, robots are not a part of the future, but rather have become part of today’s world.
Robots are being used to do operations, automate different tasks, explore space and complete tasks that are too dangerous to be performed by people.
Considering that the field of robotics is developing with a fast intensity, there is an increased demand for engineers who build and program robots. Robotics engineers need to know about electronic engineers, mechanical engineering, computer programming, AI, machine learning etc.
If you want to advance in this field, you have to pursue an undergraduate degree in mechanical, electronic engineering and robotics. Moreover, you have to proceed with your master’s degree by specializing in Robotics.
In Busulla.COM, you can find the following schools/colleges to study robotics:
- Food and Agriculture Science
Food is one of the most essential elements of life on earth.The purpose of food technologists and agricultural scientists is to improve the quantity and quality of cultures, dairy products, agricultural products, and food types. This field of study includes a great dedication in experimenting and monitoring food production, conservation techniques, and land and culture studies.
If you want to pursue a career in this profession, you have to get your undergraduate degree in any of the agriculture departments, such as food technology, biotechnology, agronomy etc. If you want to specialize in any of the branches, then you have to pursue a master’s and Ph.D. degree.
In Busulla.COM, you can find the following schools/colleges to study food technology:
- Bioengineering and Biomedical Engineering
Bioengineering is one of the latest disciplines of engineering, which uses the concepts and tools of engineering to solve problems in medicine, biology, health and other similar fields.
Tissue engineering, artificial organs, medical scans e.g. MRI and CAT, computer simulations for surgery are some of the examples of bioengineering.
If you want to pursue a career in this field, then you have to get a Bachelor or master’s degree in biomedical engineering, general medicine, biotechnology etc.
In Busulla.COM, you can find the following schools/colleges to study biotechnology: